Categories
linux virtualization

virsh 虚拟机xml信息,留个记录

virsh dumpxml domain
虚拟机dumpxml例,可以参考格式

xml
<domain type='kvm' id='12'>
<name>ceph-node3</name>
<uuid>4f52f828-f538-45cb-9f02-eeb555e96020</uuid>
<memory unit='KiB'>8388608</memory>
<currentMemory unit='KiB'>8388608</currentMemory>
<vcpu placement='static'>2</vcpu>
<resource>
<partition>/machine</partition>
</resource>
<os>
<type arch='x86_64' machine='pc-i440fx-rhel7.0.0'>hvm</type>
<boot dev='hd'/>
</os>
<features>
<acpi/>
<apic/>
</features>
<cpu mode='custom' match='exact' check='full'>
<model fallback='forbid'>Haswell-IBRS</model>
<feature policy='disable' name='hle'/>
<feature policy='disable' name='rtm'/>
<feature policy='require' name='hypervisor'/>
<feature policy='require' name='xsaveopt'/>
</cpu>
<clock offset='utc'>
<timer name='rtc' tickpolicy='catchup'/>
<timer name='pit' tickpolicy='delay'/>
<timer name='hpet' present='no'/>
</clock>
<on_poweroff>destroy</on_poweroff>
<on_reboot>restart</on_reboot>
<on_crash>destroy</on_crash>
<pm>
<suspend-to-mem enabled='no'/>
<suspend-to-disk enabled='no'/>
</pm>
<devices>
<emulator>/usr/libexec/qemu-kvm</emulator>
<disk type='file' device='disk'>
<driver name='qemu' type='qcow2'/>
<source file='/ceph2/images/ceph_node3.qcow2'/>
<backingStore/>
<target dev='vda' bus='virtio'/>
<alias name='virtio-disk0'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x06' function='0x0'/>
</disk>
<disk type='file' device='disk'>
<driver name='qemu' type='qcow2' cache='none'/>
<source file='/ceph2/images/ceph_node3_storage.qcow2'/>
<backingStore/>
<target dev='vdb' bus='virtio'/>
<alias name='virtio-disk1'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x09' function='0x0'/>
</disk>
<disk type='file' device='cdrom'>
<driver name='qemu'/>
<target dev='hda' bus='ide'/>
<readonly/>
<alias name='ide0-0-0'/>
<address type='drive' controller='0' bus='0' target='0' unit='0'/>
</disk>
<controller type='usb' index='0' model='ich9-ehci1'>
<alias name='usb'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x04' function='0x7'/>
</controller>
<controller type='usb' index='0' model='ich9-uhci1'>
<alias name='usb'/>
<master startport='0'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x04' function='0x0' multifunction='on'/>
</controller>
<controller type='usb' index='0' model='ich9-uhci2'>
<alias name='usb'/>
<master startport='2'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x04' function='0x1'/>
</controller>
<controller type='usb' index='0' model='ich9-uhci3'>
<alias name='usb'/>
<master startport='4'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x04' function='0x2'/>
</controller>
<controller type='pci' index='0' model='pci-root'>
<alias name='pci.0'/>
</controller>
<controller type='ide' index='0'>
<alias name='ide'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x01' function='0x1'/>
</controller>
<controller type='virtio-serial' index='0'>
<alias name='virtio-serial0'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x05' function='0x0'/>
</controller>
<interface type='bridge'>
<mac address='52:54:00:94:b4:fe'/>
<source bridge='br0'/>
<target dev='vnet2'/>
<model type='virtio'/>
<alias name='net0'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x03' function='0x0'/>
</interface>
<serial type='pty'>
<source path='/dev/pts/5'/>
<target type='isa-serial' port='0'>
<model name='isa-serial'/>
</target>
<alias name='serial0'/>
</serial>
<console type='pty' tty='/dev/pts/5'>
<source path='/dev/pts/5'/>
<target type='serial' port='0'/>
<alias name='serial0'/>
</console>
<channel type='unix'>
<source mode='bind' path='/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/channel/target/domain-12-ceph-node3/org.qemu.guest_agent.0'/>
<target type='virtio' name='org.qemu.guest_agent.0' state='connected'/>
<alias name='channel0'/>
<address type='virtio-serial' controller='0' bus='0' port='1'/>
</channel>
<input type='tablet' bus='usb'>
<alias name='input0'/>
<address type='usb' bus='0' port='1'/>
</input>
<input type='mouse' bus='ps2'>
<alias name='input1'/>
</input>
<input type='keyboard' bus='ps2'>
<alias name='input2'/>
</input>
<graphics type='vnc' port='5902' autoport='yes' listen='0.0.0.0'>
<listen type='address' address='0.0.0.0'/>
</graphics>
<video>
<model type='cirrus' vram='16384' heads='1' primary='yes'/>
<alias name='video0'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x02' function='0x0'/>
</video>
<memballoon model='virtio'>
<alias name='balloon0'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x07' function='0x0'/>
</memballoon>
<rng model='virtio'>
<backend model='random'>/dev/urandom</backend>
<alias name='rng0'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x08' function='0x0'/>
</rng>
</devices>
<seclabel type='dynamic' model='selinux' relabel='yes'>
<label>system_u:system_r:svirt_t:s0:c21,c647</label>
<imagelabel>system_u:object_r:svirt_image_t:s0:c21,c647</imagelabel>
</seclabel>
<seclabel type='dynamic' model='dac' relabel='yes'>
<label>+107:+107</label>
<imagelabel>+107:+107</imagelabel>
</seclabel>
</domain>

Categories
ceph storage

使用docker安装ceph

使用docker安装ceph

#划分子网
docker network create --driver bridge --subnet 172.20.0.0/16 ceph-network
docker network ls
docker network inspect ceph-network

#用于存放ceph配置
mkdir -p  /myceph/etc/ceph
#创建目录代表osd
mkdir -p  /myceph/osd/0  /myceph/osd/1  /myceph/osd/2

# monitor node
docker run -itd --name monnode --network ceph-network --ip 172.20.0.10 -e MON_NAME=monnode -e MON_IP=172.20.0.10 -v /myceph/etc/ceph:/etc/ceph ceph/mon

#
docker exec monnode ceph osd create
docker exec monnode ceph osd create
docker exec monnode ceph osd create

#osd
docker run -itd --name osdnode0 --network ceph-network -e CLUSTER=ceph -e WEIGHT=1.0 -e MON_NAME=monnode -e MON_IP=172.20.0.10 -v /myceph/etc/ceph:/etc/ceph -v /myceph/osd/0:/var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-0 ceph/osd
docker run -itd --name osdnode1 --network ceph-network -e CLUSTER=ceph -e WEIGHT=1.0 -e MON_NAME=monnode -e MON_IP=172.20.0.10 -v /myceph/etc/ceph:/etc/ceph -v /myceph/osd/1:/var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-1 ceph/osd
docker run -itd --name osdnode2 --network ceph-network -e CLUSTER=ceph -e WEIGHT=1.0 -e MON_NAME=monnode -e MON_IP=172.20.0.10 -v /myceph/etc/ceph:/etc/ceph -v /myceph/osd/2:/var/lib/ceph/osd/ceph-2 ceph/osd

#object storage gateway
docker run -itd --name gwnode --network ceph-network --ip 172.20.0.9 -p 9080:80 -e RGW_NAME=gwnode -v /myceph/etc/ceph:/etc/ceph ceph/radosgw

docker exec monnode ceph -s

基于Docker部署ceph分布式文件系统(Luminous版本)

Categories
poem

快照与备份的区别

定义

SNIA对快照的描述:

A point in time copy of a defined collection of data.

快照有全量快照和增量快照.我们常用的基本是增量快照(delta snapshot)

A type of point in time copy that preserves the state of data at an instant in time,
by storing only those blocks that are different from an already existing full copy of the data.

主要特点是,快照是虚拟的拷贝而不是物理的拷贝,只有发生过修改的block才会被重写.因此如果完全没有被修改过的块遭遇破坏而导致的存储错误.快照回滚也无法修复.

目的

做快照,通常有2个目的:
+ 一是为了将来对于删除或损坏的文件能够进行恢复
+ 二是作为副本或备份的源端(防止快照发生物理介质性质的损坏)